On one occasion, Ricard inscribed "we have always said to the Indians, do not aggravate the Americans and they will not both you. If someone hurts you, complain to the authorities... even to the governor himself, and you will be rendered justice," although he knew the Indians were not receiving it.
The most grievous was the hubris of cultural superiority, originating in the ethos of his time and civilization. This pattern was so common that Pope Francis is coming to North America this year in recognition of this Truth in the interest of Reconciliation.
Before we judge Ricard too severely, forbid that any of us should be judged for our actions by the standards of some future posterity.
This is exactly how we should be judged. And this is the entire reason I study history. It is cliché to say that thing about repeating history when you don't learn it well enough. And I don't think it's an extreme statement that we still have a lot of divergent ideas about the place of religious minorities in America.
Nicandri's "judged by our current actions by a better future" is a tamed down version of "if we pull these statues down, we'll forget our history." There is a big difference between honoring something by naming a park after it or building a statue and "forgetting history." We don't build statues to assassins, for example, but we do include them in our history. We aren't taking "Olympia's Forgotten Pioneers" out of the library and burning it. We are simply showing that we have a better understanding of history because we no longer want to honor religious colonialism.
While what could be done to help Indian people in the 1850s may have been morally complex to French priests, we have the luxury of clearer vision. Nicandri in "Olympia's Forgotten Pioneers":
One might cynically suggest that Ricard was a contributor to the deculturalization of a whole people. But he and all the OMI realized the futility of the Indian struggle and tried to temporize the effect of white supremacy as best they could.